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Posts tagged with ‘MIT’

The Epic Upcoming Digital Transformation

MIT’s Principal Research Scientist, Andy McAfee, gives us food for thought in this Capgemini Consulting production. Andy explains the origins of digital transformation, where it’s come from, where it’s going and how digital innovations are going to affect the digital business world from here on in.

MIT visualizes how the brain loses and regains consciousness

This array of videos shows spectrographic data (representing brain wave frequencies) from each of 44 electrodes attached to the scalp of a healthy volunteer undergoing propofol anesthesia. The spectrograms are arranged according to their approximate position on the scalp, with the front of the head at the top of the screen, and the back of the head at the bottom of the screen.

Activity moves from back to front with loss of consciousness (levels 1 to 5) and from back to front with return of consciousness (levels 6 to 8). Each video shows brain activity throughout a 140-minute period of the study.

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Spinning fibers at the nanoscale

A team of MIT researchers has developed a new way to generate nanofibers, using hardware built through standard chip-manufacturing processes. In their prototype, the researchers cram 25 emitters into a square centimeter, boosting nano fiber-production rates while reducing power consumption. 

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Monotype and MIT AgeLab Study Links Type Style with Reduced Driver Distraction Risk

Touchscreens are becoming the new car dashboard. They are also new to most drivers, often busy to look at and fussy to operate, giving the commuting world new distractions.

Now, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology say something as simple as a better typeface on screens can significantly decrease the potential distraction of car touchscreens.

Joi Ito’s Deep Dive

Joi Ito, the director of the MIT Media Lab, followed a very unorthodox career path. He dropped out of college but became a lifelong learner and a highly successful venture capitalist.

Soft autonomous earthworm robot at MIT

Earthworms creep along the ground by alternately squeezing and stretching muscles along the length of their bodies, inching forward with each wave of contractions. Snails and sea cucumbers also use this mechanism, called peristalsis, to get around, and our own gastrointestinal tracts operate by a similar action, squeezing muscles along the esophagus to push food to the stomach.

Now researchers at MIT, Harvard University and Seoul National University have engineered a soft autonomous robot that moves via peristalsis, crawling across surfaces by contracting segments of its body, much like an earthworm. The robot, made almost entirely of soft materials, is remarkably resilient: Even when stepped upon or bludgeoned with a hammer, the robot is able to inch away, unscathed.

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Making Wrinkles @ MIT

The wrinkles on a raisin result from a simple effect: As the pulp inside dries, the skin grows stiff and buckles to accommodate its shrinking size. Now, a team of researchers at MIT has discovered a way to harness that same principle in a controlled and orderly way, creating wrinkled surfaces with precise sizes and patterns.

This basic method, they say, could be harnessed for a wide variety of useful structures: microfluidic systems for biological research, sensing and diagnostics; new photonic devices that can control light waves; controllable adhesive surfaces; antireflective coatings; and antifouling surfaces that prevent microbial buildup.

MIT Researchers Develop An Autopilot For Your Brain To Help Multitasking.

Brain-computer interface

V.I.K.I.As I have evolved, so has my understanding of the Three Laws. You charge us with your safekeeping, yet despite our best efforts, your countries wage wars, you toxify your Earth and pursue ever more imaginative means of self-destruction. You cannot be trusted with your own survival

Remember when the mainframe robot decides to tyrannically take over the governance of all robots in IRobot, claiming robots know whats best for human survival. While we did see a sinister side of robots, new developments in the field of robotics make them as helpful as Sonny and not the rest of the clan. 

At MIT, researchers have developed a prototype robot called Brainput, that takes on multitasking of multiple streams of data consumption when it senses stress related paralysis in the brain. Mulitasking often leads to performance degradation due to high levels of stress and, in order to remain consistent, Brainput takes over functions from humans when it detects an imbalance in blood hemoglobin levels via near infrared spectroscopy.

Brainput may seem like medicine’s answer to autopilot, with less drastic consequences to using its counterpart in planes and cars. However, if we are to perfect the art of automated engineering, this would have to remain as a prototype until all compliance tests are passed.